Can I Make a Taxable Gift to an ILIT?
I set up ILIT 20 years ago and added cash and sent the required Crummey letters each year. I’m now thinking of making a large gift to the trust and filing a gift tax return covering the excess. Does this work ?
Yes, that does work. For readers who don’t know, an “ILIT” is an irrevocable life insurance trust. These trusts are designed to exclude life insurance proceeds from the decedent’s taxable estate. They were used more often when the estate tax credit was $1 million than the current $11.7 million threshold.
“Crummey” letters are named after the court case that authorized their use. Here’s how they work: Typical ILITs permit the beneficiaries to withdraw funds transferred to the trusts for a period of time after the transfer, usually 30 days. This right of withdrawal allows the trust deposits to be treated as gifts to such individuals and to qualify for the annual $15,000 exclusion for gift taxation. In order to qualify, the beneficiaries must receive written notice of their right of withdrawal, the so-called “Crummey” letter.
The only reason to carry out the exercise of sending Crummey letters is to qualify for the annual gift tax exclusion for gifts to individuals. If you’re making a larger gift, as you plan, and are not concerned about it being taxable, there’s no reason to send Crummey letters except, perhaps, to reduce the amount of the gift that is subject gift tax reporting by $15,000 per beneficiary.